Review of Bacterial Diseases and Its Causes
Bacterial diseases are those in which the illnesses are caused by certain bacteria. Bacteria are considered as a kind of microorganism which is a tiny form of life and can be seen only with the aid of a microscope. Some of the various other types of microorganisms may include some fungi, viruses, parasites and so on. These kinds of microorganisms are normally living on the skin as well as on ganitalia. Majority of the bacteria which is present of your body will not be causing any diseases. Most of them are helpful and will help to maintain your body healthy. These kinds of bacteria are known as ‘healthy bacteria’ or ‘good bacteria’.
On the other hand, the bacteria which are causing certain harmful diseases and infections are referred to as pathogenic bacteria. The bacterial diseases occurs when the pathogenic bacteria is entering into your body. This in turn will begin to reproduce and will then crowd out the healthy bacteria. They will also grow in the tissues which are normally sterile. These types of harmful microorganisms may sometimes emit certain toxins which will cause damage to your body.
Some of the most common pathogenic as well as different types of diseases caused via bacteria may include Salmonella and Escherichia (causes food poisoning), Helicobacter pylori (causes ulcers and gastritis), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (it will cause sexually transmitted disease like gonorrhea), Neisseria meningitidis (will cause meningitis), Staphylococcus aureus (will cause various infections in your body, including cellulitis, boils, wound infections, abscesses, pneumonia, toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning), Streptococcal bacteria (will cause several infections like meningitis, pneumonia, ear infections and strep throat).
Most of the bacterial diseases will be contagious and can cause life-threatening or serious complications like kidney failure, blood poisoning as well as toxic shock syndrome. One of the most important things to be kept in mind is that you should try to get on time medical care.
Causes and Symptoms Of Bacterial Diseases
The symptoms of bacterial disease may vary depending on various factors like the kind of infection you are having, the area in your body which is affected infected and also depending on various other factors like age of the affected person, health history and so on. The signs and symptoms of these this disease will resemble to some of the symptoms of various other diseases like influenza, colitis and many other viral infections. Fever is said to be the one of the vital as well as classic symptom of the bacterial infection.
Some of the most common symptoms of this disease may include bloody urine along with frequent, painful urination, diarrhea, irritability, vomiting, nausea, flu-like symptoms (such as fever, fatigue, sore throat, cough, pains and aches), joint pain, ear pain abdominal pain, rashes, abscesses and lesions and many more. The symptoms which are found in infants are different. Some of the symptoms which are seen among infants may include bulging of soft spot on top of their head, difficulty in feeding, excessive sleepiness, excessive fussiness and crying. However, the most serious symptoms may include kidney failure sepsis.
Some of the causes of these types of infections are mentioned in this article. Most of the bacterial diseases will be caused due to various harmful bacteria known as pathogenic bacteria. These types of infections are mainly occurring in highly sterile areas such as bladder, intestines, vagina and mouth. There are several treatment methods for curing these types of infections. Almost all these types of diseases will be treated by with antibiotics. The antibiotics will be working by either stopping the reproduction as well as spreading of these kinds of bacteria or by killing all the harmful bacteria. There are wide ranges of antibiotics which are used for treating each type of bacterial infection. The antibiotics can be given to a patient intravenously, orally, or via intramuscular injection. This is determined depending on the severity and the type of bacterial disease and also based on various other factors.
Some of the general type of antibiotics may include Aminoglycosides, Cephalosporins, Macrolides, Quinolones, Penicillins and Tetracyclines. Those individuals who are having very close contact with the patient who is suffering from serious bacterial diseases like bacterial meningitis is necessary to undergo treatment and should be under the observation for a few days even if they are not having any symptoms. In certain times, the antibiotics which is being used for curing this disease will stop being effective. This is referred to as antibiotic resistance. This in turn will make the bacterial disease more severe and will be more difficult to treat such conditions. This can even lead to very serious conditions like sepsis or coma or even death. Hence it is always advisable to get the treatment during the initial stages itself. If you are ever suspected with any kind of infections, then it is highly recommended to take some tests and verify whether you are affected by any infections or not.