Diabetes - Types, causes and prevention
It is quite a surprise to hear that children and small kids could be at the receiving end of the harmful effects of diabetes. It has been troubling European and American population for a considerably long period of time. It has been estimated that at least 20 million people in America are diagnosed with diabetes. Among this twenty million, a majority are children under the age of 14. This serious health condition arise when the body has minimal or no insulin content.
Diabetes is mainly of two types, type 1 and type 2. Type I occurs when the body does not have the ability to produce enough insulin. As a result of this people who are diagnosed with this type of diabetes needs to have insulin injected into their body. This condition is also often referred as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Type 2 diabetes is often caused due to resistance of insulin. In this condition the body cells fails to produce and use insulin as per the required norms. This condition often comes along with an absence of insulin. It is also termed as adult onset diabetes or NIDDM (insulin non dependent diabetes mellitus).
Yet another common type of diabetes condition which is often associated with women is gestational diabetes. This is often identified with high level of glucose in blood. This occurs during pregnancy. In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes there are a number of other sub-classifications in this chronic body condition. Congenital diabetes, cystic fibrosis related diabetes and steroid diabetes are some other diabetes variation that people might get affected.
Insulin is a substance that usually helps body in the transforming of sugar and several other nutrients in the body. In the absence of insulin, the rate of production of insulin becomes nil. It is in the absence of insulin that people develop diabetic condition. It also results in body cells repelling insulin.
Factors causing diabetes
The factors contributing to the development of diabetes can vary significantly. It can be acquired from the physical environment or hereditarily. If your family has members who were diagnosed with diabetes, then this puts you in a risk of acquiring this condition. Genetic diabetes usually results in the type 2 diabetes category. When compared to a person with no family background with diabetes, a person who has family members with diabetes has a greater risk of this condition. They have the chance of developing this condition five or ten times greater than the others.
However, diabetes is not just a genetic disease. It can be acquired by people who have no diabetes familial background at all. Recent studies have shown several human genes that are associated with this disease. DR3 and DR4 present in the Human Leucocyte Antigen are two genes that are often associated with diabetes. A person who carries these genes has a higher risk of acquiring diabetes. Several other external body conditions like obesity and overexposure to certain kind of foods will definitely trigger this ailment among humans.
Types of diabetes and their causes
The elimination of beta cells present in the pancreas is often cited as one of the primary causes for type-1 diabetes. Often this destruction is a gradual process and is often instigated by autoimmune response. In order to produce insulin, beta cells are an absolute necessity. So the destruction of these cells simultaneously results in a decreased production of insulin in the body, which in turn increases the sugar level in the body. The beta cell destruction might span over a period of months or years. Hence people might not be aware that their body is gradually being affected by diabetes. There will also be no symptoms during this time. Type-2 diabetes is often due to physical factors like lack of exercise or obesity. It might be also due to several hereditary factors.
Diabetes Treatment and Prevention
Like any other disease, for diabetes, the best cure is to prevent it from being infected. Also there is no known cure for diabetes. In United States, it is one of the six major causes for death. It is always better to prevent this disease, instead of running for medication after suffering the pain caused due to it.
Increased body weight is one of the major reasons for diabetes among people. Therefore it would be advisable to maintain a healthy diet and control your body fat, especially in the middle portions of the body. This will help you reduce the risk of diabetes. If you know your family history, then you can take preventive measures right from the beginning.
A balanced diet and regular exercise is absolutely necessary in order to stay fit and alive. This will allow free flow of blood through the veins. Exercises are the only means of escape from diabetes if the cause is hereditary. Get proper monthly check up and monitor your blood pressure level.